Indo-German Support Project for Circular Economy Solutions Preventing Marine Litter in Three Ecosystem

 / Research / International / GIZ – Plastics

The Project

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India, in collaboration with the GIZ, German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) is implementing a circular economy project to prevent marine litter in three ecosystems [Uttar Pradesh- (Lucknow, Prayagraj, and Agra), Tamil Nadu – (Chennai coast, Adyar, Cooum and Buckingham Canal), and Kerala (Coastal wards of Thiruvananthapuram; Neyyar, Karamana, Vamanapuram Rivers; Vellayani and Akkulam Lake and Parvathi Puthannar canal.

The Circular Economy Solutions Preventing Marine Litter in Ecosystems project (CES-ML) will demonstrate technological approaches to track and monitor litter in riverine, coastal and marine ecosystems. In addition, the project will seek to implement Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) to reduce, reuse and recycle plastics with the participation of the private sector, such as the recycling industry and other stakeholders, packaging producers as well as informal waste recyclers. Overall, the project will be implemented in line with current state and central government policies and guidelines to prevent plastic waste from entering marine and river ecosystems, involving various stakeholders.


Resource efficient and circular economy approaches for closing material cycles of marine litter are implemented in an ecosystem using technology-based solutions in partnership with public and private actors, and supportive frameworks on the State and National level.

NCSCM has joined hands with GIZ India as knowledge partners in addressing the Circular Economy Solutions Preventing Marine Litter in Three Ecosystem (Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Uttar Pradesh)

  • Identification of leakage hotspot
  • Technological solutions
  • Identification of economically viable circular business models

Plastic Leakage Pathways


The following five major objectives have been identified for the proposed project.
  • Riverine/Lake/Marine leakages and transport of plastics is monitored to assess the sources of microplastics and hotspots are identified in the three locations

  • Mapping of site-specific distribution of plastics, microplastics and litter in riverine systems to enable Decision Support System (DSS)

  • The training and capacity building for tracking leakage of litter in coastal and riverine ecosystems using digital tools

  • Technological solutions for litter management are identified and demonstrated in riverine and marine ecosystems in the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh

  • Creating an evidence-based reference for project implementation at partner state

Framework for Marine Litter Prevention and Management

The circular economy solutions preventing marine litter management framework is a 4-step process that will lead to management strategies to control marine litter management for Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh. An overview of each step, including actions and information required to fulfil the marine litter is provided. For this purpose, the following framework/process has been envisioned

Project Locations

Tamil Nadu

Greater Chennai Corporation

Chennai Coast

Adyar, Cooum Rivers and

Buckingham Canal


Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation

Coastal wards of Thiruvananthapuram;

Neyyar, Karamana Rivers;

Vellayani & Akkulam Lake  and Parvathi Puthannar Canal

Uttar Pradesh

Agra Municipal Corporation 

Yamuna River

Lucknow Municipal Corporation

Gomati River

Prayagraj Municipal corporation

Yamuna and Ganga River

Greater Chennai Corporation

Chennai, the capital city of the state of Tamil Nadu, is a coastal megacity located on the southeast coast of India. It is also known as a major financial and commercial hub of South India. Chennai Metropolitan City is located on the Southeast Coast of India with 56 km coastline and is the capital city of Tamil Nadu state. Chennai is the fourth most populous metropolitan area and the sixth most populous city in India with an estimated urban agglomeration of over 8.6 million people. The Corporation of Chennai is the largest generator of solid waste estimated at 3000 tonnes per day. It has a network of transfer stations and two land fill sites at Kodungaiyur and Perungudi. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generation in Chennai, the fourth largest metropolitan city in India, has increased from 600 to 3500 tons per day (tpd) within 20 years. The highest per capita solid waste generation rate in India is in Chennai (0.6 kg/d). Chennai is divided into 10 zones of 155 wards and collection of garbage is carried out using door-to-door collection and street bin systems. The collected wastes are disposed at open dump sites located at a distance of 15 km from the city.

Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation

Thiruvananthapuram is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala. It is the most populous city in Kerala with a population of 957,730 as of 2011. The encompassing urban agglomeration population is around 1.68 million. Located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland. The city has since lost its sheen to rapid urbanization, lack of foresight, mismanagement and under-involvement of the larger populace in matters of waste disposal. Thiruvananthapuram City Corporation (100 wards) shows that a total of 290-300 tonnes of solid waste are generated per day from various sources. The waste generated by shops and commercial establishments comes to about 13-15 tonnes per day. The hotels and restaurants generate about 30 tonnes of degradable waste per day while markets produce about 40 tonnes of waste per day. The hospitals and clinical laboratories of the city generate both infectious and non-infectious wastes.


Agra Municipal Corporation

Agra, a historic city is located in the Indo-Gangetic plain of India. The city is geographically located between latitude 27°11’18.40″N and longitude 78° 0’31.05″E in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The city of Agra is built along the river banks of the Yamuna River at an average altitude of 171 meters above the mean sea level, the total area of the city is 4027 km2 has a total population of 15.85 lakhs. It has an extremely strategic location at the confluence of three distinct geophysical regions, the Uttar Pradesh plain, the Madhya Pradesh plateau and the Rajasthan desert. The city is divided into 100 wards. Approximately 712 tonnes of solid waste is generated every day in the city.

Lucknow Municipal Corporation

Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh and the most populous state in the country. The city of Lucknow is located at an altitude of about 123 meters (404 feet) above sea level. Lucknow city has an area approximately 402 square km with 110 wards as of December 2019. It is located between 26°55′ North latitude and 80°59′ East longitude. This city is divided into 8 zones according to the master plan 2021. The Gomati River flows through the city, dividing the city diagonally in the Trans-Gomati and Cis-Gomati regions. Total value of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is reported to be 800 tonnes/day, and on average solid waste generation is 0.65 kg/capita/day. According to the 2011 census, the population of the municipality of Lucknow is 2817105.

Prayagraj Municipal Corporation

Prayagraj, is a metropolis in the state of Uttar Pradesh. As of 2011, Allahabad is the seventh most populous city in the state. Prayagraj lies close to Triveni Sangam, the “three-river confluence” of the Ganges, Yamuna and Sarasvati rivers. The Maha Kumbh Mela is the largest religious congregation in India, attended by millions. The Municipal Corporation of Allahabad (MCA) administers an area of 82 sq km with 80 wards and with a population of 1.17 million. As in any other city SWM in Prayagraj also functions on these pillars viz Collection, Transportation, and Processing & Disposal. About 680 MT of solid waste is generated every day in the city.





Mission Life – Awareness and Actions –

Awareness & Activity
Greater Chennai Corporation
Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation
Uttar Pradesh

Last Updated: 21-11-2023